The Human Brain ProjectThe Human Brain Project (HBP) is a European project of about 200 laboratories across Europe and all over the world, and over a total period of 10 years. It is financed by the European Commission. This type of large project, called Flagship, was awarded in January 2013 after a competition of two years. The Human Brain Project is coordinated by Henry Markram (EPFL, Switzerland) and Karlheinz Meier (University of Heidelberg, Germany). The HBP begins on October 1st, 2013.
Synopsis of the project
Proposal abstract: Understanding the human brain is one of the greatest scientific challenges of our time. Such an understanding will lead to fundamentally new computing technologies, transform the diagnosis and treatment of brain diseases, and provide profound insights into our humanity. Today, for the first time, exponential improvements in the capabilities of modern ICT open up new opportunities to investigate the complexity of the brain. The goal of the Human Brain Project (HBP) is thus to build an integrated ICT infrastructure enabling a global collaborative effort to address this grand challenge, and ultimately to emulate the computational capabilities of the brain. The infrastructure will consist of a tightly linked network of six ICT platforms, which, like current large-scale physics facilities, will operate as a resource both for core HBP research and for external projects, chosen by competitive call. The HBP will drive innovation in ICT, creating new technologies for i) interactive supercomputing, visualisation and big data analytics; ii) federated analysis of globally distributed data; iii) simulation of the brain and other complex systems; iv) objective classification of disease; v) scalable and configurable neuromorphic computing systems, based on the brain's principles of computation and cognition and its architectures. Expected outputs include simulations of the brain that reveal the chains of events leading from genes to cognition; simulations of diseases and the effects of drugs; early diagnoses and personalised treatments; and a computing paradigm that overcomes bottlenecks in power, reliability and programmability, captures the brain's cognitive capabilities, and goes beyond Moore's Law. Overall, the HBP will help to reach a unified understanding of the brain, reduce the economic and social burden of brain disease, and empower the European pharmaceutical and computing industries to lead world markets with enormous potential for growth.
The HBP resources
The main site of the HBP is http://www.humanbrainproject.eu
Alain Destexhe is one of the co-directors of the project ("Division Leader"), and is leading the theoretical neuroscience activities in the project. It is planned to create a European Institute for Theoretical Neuroscience (EITN), under the direction of Alain Destexhe, and which will be located around Paris (for more details, see the EITN page; see also the EITN website). The UNIC also participates to the Cognitive Neuroscience, Neuroinformatics, Neuromorphic Engineering and Teaching aspects of the HBP (Yves Fregnac, Andrew Davison, Kirsty Grant).
Press releasesFor press releases, see the Official french ministery press release, the CNRS press release, with a downloadable detailed version (in french), the CEA press release, as well as various journals and media such as Nature, techno-science or pharmaceutiques.com (in french).
Unité de Neurosciences, Information & Complexité